There is a good chance you are familiar with the recommendation of physical therapy for the treatment of various orthopedic conditions. For example, maybe you or a family member has been treated for back pain, a shoulder injury, or knee osteoarthritis. But what about physical therapy for dizziness? And how can a physical therapist help with this condition? This is where vestibular rehabilitation therapy comes in.
First of all, what is the vestibular system?
The vestibular system is one of three sensory systems within your body. It is located within your inner ear and includes three semicircular canals and two otolith organs (utricle and saccule). The vestibular system provides information about motion, equilibrium, and spatial orientation.
What exactly is vestibular rehabilitation therapy?
Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT) is an exercise based treatment program that incorporates head, eye, and body movements in order to decrease dizziness, improve gaze stability, maximize postural control, and improve balance. The best way to understand vestibular rehabilitation therapy is to break down the treatment interventions into four separate categories. I will give a brief overview of each category and how these treatments can manage various types of dizziness.